With the cold wintery weather upon us you may suddenly find yourself fighting to keep common winter pests like mice, rats, racoons,cockroaches, and spiders out of your home. “Pests adapt to the changing environment and seek refuge indoors during the colder months,” says Missy Henriksen, vice president of public affairs for National Pest Management Association. “During the winter rodents such as house mice become one of the most common invaders and can cause serious property damage in and around the home.” So, what can you do to keep them out? Below you will find a break down of common pests and some tips on how to keep them out of your home.
The house mouse is one of the most commonly encountered rodents here in the United States, they typically like dark secluded areas like attics and basement. Mice can chew through drywall, insulation, wires, and even your ductwork causing huge problems and potentially thousands of dollars in repairs. A mouse can fit through an opening as small as a dime, keep them out by sealing any cracks or holes on the outside of your home with caulk and steel wool. You can also help discourage mice from moving in by clearing away clutter, mice love to hide in clutter.
Rats are often found in basements and piles of debris, they have been known to gnaw through almost anything (including plastic and leadpipes) to get access to food and water. Rats also bring with them the threat of disease like jaundice, rat-bite fever, and cowpox. To keep rats out of your home fill any opening with silicone caulk, rats can fit through a crack as small as ½ inch, also make sure to eliminate any sources of moisture in basements and crawlspaces.
The German cockroach is the most common species of cockroach found throughout the world, they prefer to live in small areas close to food and moisture. This typeof cockroach often hitchhikes into your home via grocery bags, boxes and secondhand appliances. German cockroaches can contaminate food sources and spread bacteria and allergens that are known to trigger allergies and exacerbate asthma symptoms, especially in children. To help keep your home free of cockroaches make sure to keep your counter and floors clean and regularly dispose of garbage.
Racoons are commonly found in wooded areas,they typically enter homes through attics and chimneys in search of a denningsite. Keep them away from your home by ensuring all trash is picked up and all trash cans are either locked away or locked with animal proof lids. Also sealoff chimneys and other exposed opening with mesh caps to prevent entry and trim branches back from house so they don’t over hang your roof.
Following these tips won’t keep pest out of your house entirely however, it will help reduce the risk of you having to go to war. Keeping these pests out of your home will save your budget, time, health, and the headache of battling them once they have moved into your home.