DUCT LEAKAGE 101: WHAT IS DUCT LEAKAGE?

Heating & Cooling

You cannot talk about ductwork or duct work without talking about duct leakage. It’s a significant and often overlooked aspect of homes and buildings that causes issues associated with heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems.

Duct leakage is when conditioned air gets distributed from a SEER AC unit or AFUE furnace and leaks through holes/cracks/seams in the ductwork (a.k.a. air ducts) before it reaches the desired rooms/spaces in a home or building. According to ASHRAE (industry authority for HVAC stuff), 75% of buildings have duct leakage. Furthermore, the majority of homes leak on average 10-25% conditioned air!

There is also different types of duct leakage. The Journal for Light Construction (JLC) outlines them in a nice article:

  • Supply Leakage: When supply air ducts leak, airflow from the AC unit or furnace to the desired rooms/spaces is decreased.
  • Equipment Leakage: This leakage can often be the most overlooked. HVAC equipment components like coil cabinets and furnace cabinets all have “seams” that either suck or blow air. If those small pieces of the equipment are not sealed, then airflow is also decreased.
  • Return Leakage: When return air ducts leak, unconditioned air from unconditioned spaces like attics and wall cavities gets sucked into the ventilation system and distributed back to the equipment. This added load creates more work for your HVAC equipment. Instead of simply reconditioning air, it’s conditioning air from unconditioned spaces.

For more information about these different types of duct leakage, read the full JLC article. https://www.jlconline.com/how-to/hvac/quality-control-for-ductwork_o

Duct Leakage Causes Common HVAC Issues

Since air is obviously invisible, many homeowners and building owners don’t realize duct leakage causes common HVAC issues:

  • Hot/cold spots in rooms
  • Excessive dust, dirt, and airborne allergens
  • High energy/utility bills for heating and cooling

To identify duct leakage, HVAC contractors can use infrared technology to make invisible air visible. Then you can actually see duct leakage!

By Aeroseal