Case Study – Boston Housing Authority



City Mission: To Reduce Energy Costs and Improve Indoor Air Quality for Three Buildings That Make Up the Heritage Apartments Section 8 Housing

In late 2010, the city of Boston first announced plans to renovate the Heritage Apartments, a section 8 housing structure in East Boston. The complex consists of three separate five- and six-story buildings, which include nearly 300 individual apartments. A top priority for the renovation was to improve the energy efficiency and indoor air quality of the units.

A preliminary inspection found substantial leakage in each of the buildings’ 75 exhaust shafts. As a result, kitchens and bathrooms on the lower floors received little ventilation while upper floor units, those closer to the rooftop exhaust fans, were over-ventilated. The leaks were not only responsible for inadequate ventilation but also lead to higher fan usage and thousands of dollars in additional energy costs associated with running these fans at higher speeds.


In Brief

Building: Heritage Apartments, East Boston, MA
Engineer: Wozny/Barbar & Associates
Mechanical Contractors: Enterprise Equipment
HVAC Specialists: Aeroseal of Maryland
Reduce energy usage – increase IAQ
Before Aeroseal:
Up to 900 CFM* of leakage
After Aeroseal:
30 CFM of leakage
Results: Eliminated leakage in all 75 shafts
*Cubic feet per minute

Engineers on the project were familiar with Aeroseal, a duct sealing technology that works from the inside of ductwork to seal leaks. It was clear to them that, short of tearing down existing walls to access the individual shafts, this new technology offered the only viable solution to their duct leakage problem. So the work contract specified the use of Aeroseal.

It took Aeroseal of Maryland less than a month to seal all 75 exhaust shafts. Post-sealing tests showed that Aeroseal reduced leakage by 90% or more, allowing the engineers to dramatically improve the buildings’ ventilation, while reducing energy consumption.



“This was our first exposure to the Aeroseal technology, and the experience was nothing but positive. The crew was knowledgeable and methodical in their approach. When it was completed, we received computer-generated documentation that provided a clear picture of the before and after measurements and the significant difference that the sealing process made.”
Matt Alberti, Enterprise, Equipment Company Inc.,Mechanical Contractors

“Our goal was to improve the energy efficiency of the buildings, and Aeroseal played a significant role in that mission. I liked what I saw and plan to propose the use of this product to future clients looking to improve the performance and reduce the energy usage of their buildings.” Zbigniew Wozny, Wozny/Barbar & Associates, Project Engineers

“In the past, building codes and specifications for effective duct sealing were often ignored, simply because there was no viable means of reaching these specifications. Now with Aeroseal, we are seeing a growing number of projects that specify the use of ‘an aerosol-based duct-sealing product,’ and of course, Aeroseal is the only solution that fits that bill.” Dave Schmidt, Aeroseal of Maryland

Case Study – Building Engineers at MT Zion

Case Study


Renovation To UC San Francisco Hospital Pharmacy Comes To A Two-Month Standstill While Engineers Work To Solve Exhaust Leakage Issue. 40 minutes Of Aeroseal Gets The Job Done.

The Mt. Zion Hospital Pharmacy’s two new ventilating hoods require sufficient exhaust or else a fail-safe system will register a malfunction and equipment will automatically shut off. This is where chemo chemicals are prepared so it is critical that all air borne particles be exhausted from inside the hoods via connecting ductwork that leads outside the building. Even after meticulous construction that included manual sealing of all 300 feet of twisting ductwork, the exhaust system was simply not providing enough pull to meet code or to keep the system running properly.


In Brief

Building: UCSF Medical Center at Mt. Zion

Location: San Francisco, California

Engineer of Record: TCB Builders

Aeroseal Provider: Coast Environmental

Goal: Reduce duct leakage related to Pharmacy

ventilation hoods

Before Aeroseal: 580 CFM of leakage

After Aeroseal: 23 CFM of leakage

Results: 96% leak reduction and proper

functioning of the ventilation hoods, and

Pharmacy certification.

Over a two-month period, the best and brightest tried solving the mysterious exhaust malfunction. The ventilation unit was examined for faulty readings. The ductwork, covered in fire insulation, was unwrapped and manually resealed and rewrapped. With the building’s scheduled opening fast approaching, hospital engineers were at a loss for an explanation or a solution. Then someone suggested trying a new duct sealing technology they heard about called Aeroseal.

With no time left for a test run, hospital administrators, with fingers crossed, gave Coast environmental, a duct and IAQ specialist, the green light to clean and seal the duct system using Aeroseal. The Aeroseal sealing process itself took just forty minutes to complete – 20 minutes for each of the two sections of ductwork being sealed. Since this was a 24/7 hospital, the entire process was conducted without interruption to the hospital’s regular operations.

The engineers could actually watch as holes and cracks were getting sealed. A computer-generated chart showed a plunging line on a graph representing the real-time decrease in leakage. After two months of puzzling over the problem and then 40 minutes of Aeroseal, the engineers had their solution…and the new pharmacy opened on schedule.


“We were hesitant to use Aeroseal. We didn’t know if it would work or not. We weren’t even sure that leaks were the issue. All we knew was that the new ventilation hoods weren’t functioning properly and we were running out of time. So we proceeded on the advice of a trusted consultant familiar with the technology…and it worked beautifully. It quickly sealed the leaks and fixed the problem. Knowing what I know now, I’m confident in saying it was the only real solution to our problem short of a complete laboratory redesign.”

— Robert Gaderlund, Project Manager UCSF Medical Center at Mt. Zion

“We tried adjusting the fans, resealing the ductwork and various other solutions. The HEPA filters at the bottom of each unit really exacerbated the effects of the leaks and kept us from getting sign-off on the project. In the end, it took twenty minutes to seal the outside ductwork and another twenty minutes to do the rest. Aeroseal worked. It was a real project saver.”

— Rick Schaffel, General Contractor TCB Builders, San Francisco, CA

“It turned out to be a perfect solution to finding and easily sealing all of the holes and leaks throughout the entire duct system. I love how you can actually see the progress and know it’s working.”

— Adrian Welsh, Duct Specialist Coast Environmental, Carlsbad, CA

Aeroseal – The Technology

  • Developed at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in 1994.
  • Research for Aeroseal was partially funded by the U.S. Department of Energy.
  • Aeroseal is the only duct sealant technology that is applied from the inside of the duct system. It is delivered as a non-toxic aerosol mist that seeks out and plugs leaks.
  • Aeroseal has proven to be 95% effective at sealing air duct leaks.